Conjunctivitis: Everything You Need To Know

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Conjunctivitis, another name for pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent layer of tissue that covers the white portion of the eye and lines the inside surface of the eyelid. The aforementioned illness may manifest as pink or red eyes, in addition to additional symptoms such as burning, itching, weeping, discharge, and occasionally impaired vision.


Conjunctivitis has a variety of forms and origins, such as:

1. Viral Conjunctivitis: This kind, like the common cold, is brought on by a virus. It frequently coexists with other upper respiratory tract illnesses and is extremely infectious. Redness, discomfort, and watery discharge are possible symptoms.

2. Bacterial Conjunctivitis: This condition is brought on by bacterial infections, which are usually brought on by the Staphylococcus or Streptococcus bacteria. Thick, yellow or greenish discharge may be produced by this type, which is also communicable.

3. Allergic Conjunctivitis: This condition can be brought on by allergies to dust, pollen, pet dander, or other allergens. This kind can affect both eyes and frequently results in watery, itchy eyes.

4. Chemical or Irritant Conjunctivitis: This type of conjunctivitis is brought on by exposure to irritants such as chemicals or foreign objects. Irritation, tears, and redness are possible symptoms.

Conjunctivitis symptoms

The transparent membrane that covers the white portion of the eyes and the inside of the eyelids becomes inflamed when someone has conjunctivitis, a highly infectious infection of the thin. Additionally, the following are typical signs of the infection:

Reddish-pink eyes

Wet Eyes

Itching and Eye Irritation

Overly Sensitive to Light

Induced Vision Blurring

If you think you may have conjunctivitis, it’s crucial to see a medical practitioner, such as an optometrist or ophthalmologist, for a diagnosis and recommended course of action.


Hygiene-related variables are the main cause of the illness. There has been an upsurge in conjunctivitis instances nationwide as a result of the monsoon’s increased risk of infection due to poor hygiene.

Controlling the Progression of Conjunctivitis:

In order to stop conjunctivitis from spreading, particularly in instances that are communicative (bacterial or viral):

Maintain Good Hygiene: Steer clear of touching or rubbing your eyes, and wash your hands often with soap and water.

Don’t Share: Don’t give away pillows, towels, or cosmetics to other people.

Keep Your Eye Safe and Avoid Close Contact: Until your eye stops discharge, avoid going to work or school.

Observe Medical Advice: Take recommended drugs and see a doctor through the whole course of therapy.

How to Treat Conjunctivitis

The underlying cause of conjunctivitis determines the appropriate course of treatment:

Most instances of viral conjunctivitis go away on their own in a week or two. In extreme situations, antiviral drugs may be recommended.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis: The condition is usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments.

Antihistamine eye drops, either prescription or over-the-counter, and allergy drugs can help reduce the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.

If you have chemical or irritant conjunctivitis, properly rinse your eye with water and, if required, contact a doctor.

Myths about conjunctivitis 

Seeing someone with conjunctivitis in the eyes can transmit the illness. Untrue. In fact, utilising their personal belongings or being in close vicinity might be the source of infection.

Problems with eyesight arise from conjunctivitis. Untrue. Actually, there won’t be any long-term vision damage—just a slight degree of blurriness.

A doctor’s assistance is not necessary for conjunctivitis. Untrue. Even if conjunctivitis is only a mild illness and goes away in a week or ten, it is still advisable to see an eye doctor. 

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