Acid Reflux: Everything You Need To Know

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Heartburn, indigestion, and acid reflux are common occurrences for many people. However, you could develop gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) if you have symptoms of acid reflux more than twice a week.

If untreated, there might be dangerous side effects.

Continue reading to find out more about GERD symptoms, causes, and treatments.


Persistent heartburn, the most prevalent sign of GERD, might include:

  • a burning sensation in your abdomen that might spread to your oesophagus, neck, and chest
  • a bitter or sour taste in the rear of your tongue
  • the vomiting of liquids or food into your mouth from your stomach

Some more GERD symptoms that may exist are:

  • A sense of fullness or lumpiness at the back of the neck, often known as the globe sensation
  • persistent cough
  • a raspy voice
  • foul breath

There are situations where people may have GERD warning signs. These are usually chronic and may get worse over time even with medical intervention. An underlying disease may also be indicated by alarm signs.

Symptoms of an alarm might be:

  • dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing
  • discomfort when swallowing (odynophagia)
  • vomiting or nausea
  • loss of weight
  • anaemia
  • bluing

Seek medical assistance if any of these symptoms apply to you.

Infants symptoms

acid reflux

It is common for newborns to vomit or spit up food sometimes. However, your infant can develop GERD if they are constantly spitting or vomiting.

Additional indications and manifestations of GERD in babies might be:

  • unwillingness to consume food gagging or choking difficulties
  • hiccups or moist burps
  • agitation or back arching that occurs during or after eating
  • either low growth or weight loss
  • recurrent pneumonia or cough
  • inability to sleep

Consult a physician if you think your child may have GERD or another illness.


Acid reflux is a frequent side effect of GERD and may be caused by the Lower Esophageal Sphincter’s (LES) dysfunction.

At the end of your oesophagus lies a circular band of muscle called the LES. It loosens up and expands during swallowing to let liquids and food pass from your mouth into your stomach. It then constricts and shuts once again.

When your LES does not seal or tighten correctly, acid reflux occurs. This permits the contents of your stomach, including digestive fluids, to ascend into your oesophagus.

Your LES might not work correctly if you:

Have a hiatal hernia: This happens when the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm and into the chest. Your LES may not work correctly if your diaphragm is affected.

Eating heavy meals frequently might lead to distension in the upper portion of your stomach. This distension might occasionally indicate inadequate pressure on the LES, causing improper closure.

If you lie down too soon after eating, the LES may not get enough pressure to operate as intended.

Heartburn that occurs more frequently than twice a week may also be caused by additional variables, such as those mentioned below.

Lifestyle choices

The following lifestyle choices may be linked to recurrent reflux and esophageal inflammation:

  • either inhaling secondhand smoke or smoking
  • consuming substantial meals before resting
  • consuming a lot of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, including ibuprofen and aspirin

Medical Conditions

The following medical conditions might be a contributing cause of GERD:

  • obesity
  • anticipation
  • abnormalities of the connective tissue
  • older years

Other circumstances

The following other medical disorders may contribute to GERD symptoms:

  • anxiety
  • pregnancy
  • respiratory illness
  • inflammatory bowel syndrome


Research indicates that consuming alcohol may make GERD more likely. The association increases with the amount and frequency of alcohol usage.

If you’ve been diagnosed with GERD, cutting back on or quitting alcohol may help with symptoms.

Dietary catalysts

Compared to other foods, the following may cause GERD symptoms more frequently:

  • meals heavy in fat, like fried and quick food
  • hot dishes
  • certain fruits and vegetables, such as citrus, tomato, and pineapple
  • certain liquids, including tea, coffee, and carbonated beverages


 Lifestyle changes

Some lifestyle changes and at-home treatments can help control and reduce GERD symptoms. These include:

  • respiration techniques
  • eating and drinking things that might ease your acid reflux
  • making an attempt to keep a healthy weight
  • If you smoke, give it up.
  • Steer clear of large, filling meals in the evening.
  • laying down two to three hours after eating
  • sleeping with your head raised


Since acid reflux is a typical GERD symptom, a doctor may recommend medication to reduce stomach acid output if lifestyle changes alone are ineffective in treating your condition.

They might consist of:

  • Inhibition of the proton pump
  • Antacids
  • H2 receptor inhibitors

Before taking any drug, see your doctor since there might be harmful side effects.

For more health related content, check our health and fitness section here.

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